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The city of Murshidabad is located in the Murshidabad district of West Bengal state. It is situated on the banks of the holy river, Bhagirathi that is a tributary of the river Ganga. It has numerous places of historic and tourist interests and thus faces a constant influx of visitors throughout the year. It has a well-defined transport system that connects this city to rest of India. Besides, efficient, effective and easily available utility services have added to the charm of this city and contributed to its development.
Brief History of Murshidabad
Murshidabad was the capital of Bengal, during the Mughal reign. This city was earlier known as ‘Mukhsusabad’ or ‘Makhsudabad’ – meaning ‘The Desirable City’. Murshid Quli Khan, the then Diwan of Bengal transferred the capital from Dhaka in Bangladesh, formerly called as Dacca to this city and renamed it as Murshidabad. This city later came under the rule of many eminent rulers till the year 1869 AD, when it was given the status of a separate municipality. This city has thus witnessed the rise and fall of several great dynasties and has been a witness to numerous battles including The Battle of Plassey, The Sepoy Mutiny etc. The tall forts and historic structures in this city speak volumes about its rich historic and cultural past.
Geography and Climate of Murshidabad
Located between the co-ordinates 24° 11' North latitude and 88° 19' East longitude, the city of Murshidabad enjoys pleasant climatic conditions throughout the year. While the average temperature here is around 38o C throughout the year, during the month of January, the average temperature is around 8 o C to 12 o C. So the most appropriate time to visit this city would be during the period from October to March, when the climate is mild and soothing.
Tourist Places in Murshidabad
Being a historic city, there are numerous historic places and tourist attractions in and around this city that attract huge crowds of visitors from all over the country. The Hazarduari Palace located in the Kila Nizamat of Murshidabad, is an important landmark of this city and is one of the most important tourist attractions here. Built during the nineteenth century, this is one of the most mesmerising and beautiful structures here. The Nizamat Imambara in Murshidabad is one of the largest structures in the state as well as the country. Bacchawali Tope is a popular canon that lies in Nizamat Fort Campus. Other popular tourist attractions in and around this city include Hazarduari Museum, Clock Tower, Moti Jheel Lake, Chowk Mosque, Adinath Temple, Radha Madhav Temple etc.
Art and Culture of Murshidabad
Being an important historic city, Murshidabad was once a great centre of art and learning. The people belonging to various castes, religions, cultures and communities live together in peace. Various festivals including Dussehra, Diwali, Muharram, Bera-Bhasan, Eid-ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-Adha etc are celebrated here with great pomp and fervour and active participation of people belonging to various communities. The people here are thus god fearing, simple, religious and friendly by nature and welcome outsiders with open arms.
Healthcare in Murshidabad
When it comes to healthcare, the primary health centre in Murshidabad city is well equipped to deal with various medical conditions. There are well qualified and experienced doctors and specialists providing superior healthcare services at affordable rates to the people here. Besides, there are hospitals, clinics and nursing homes in and around this city providing a wide range of medical facilities to the people belonging to all sections of the society. The pharmacies here are well stocked with basic prescription drugs as well as over the counter drugs, and thus prove to be saviours during critical medical emergencies.
Primary Health Centre Address: Murshidabad HO, Murshidabad - 742149 Phone No: +(91)-9434115628
Medical Hall Address: Chunakhali, Amtala, Hospital Road, Lalbagh, Murshidabad - 742149 Phone No: +(91)-9732625355
Subarna Medical Hall Address: Chunakhali, Hospital Road, Lalbagh, Murshidabad - 742149 Phone No: +(91)-9474170356
Economy in Murshidabad
Majority of the people here depend upon agriculture for their livelihood. It is popular for its high quality silk produced here. This city is home to numerous cottage and small scale industries. Silk and textile industries are quite popular here. Bell metal works and handicrafts sold here are quite in demand among the tourists. The district of Murshidabad is however one of the country's 250 most backward districts and it receives funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
Shopping in Murshidabad
Sarees in Murshidabad
Shopping occupies a primary position in the list of must do activities of the visitors visiting Murshidabad city. Besides, apparel shops, jewellery showrooms, book stores, footwear stores etc, there are plenty of other options for the shopaholics to look forward to. Brass and bell metal ware is one of the most famous items in Murshidabad, widely in demand among the tourists. Likewise, traditional Bengali muslin and silk weaves, brocades and jamdanis of Mushidabad are popular shopping items. Besides, there are numerous sweet shops, selling a variety of mouth-watering Bengali sweets for your friends and relatives waiting back home. Besides, shopping for handicrafts and souvenirs from the roadside vendors and stalls can turn out to be a fun filled experience.
Transportation in Murshidabad
As it is fast developing into a major tourist and historic attraction, this city is well connected to other nearby cities by rail, road as well as air ways. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, at Kolkata is the airport nearest to Murshidabad and has regular flights to almost all the major cities and countries like Bhutan, Bangladesh, China and Southeast Asia. Murshidabad Railway Station connects this city to others via frequent trains. Apart from the West Bengal State Road Transport Corporation (WBSRTC) run buses, various private travel agencies also offer bus services for commuting within and around this city. Cycle rickshaws, cars, auto rickshaws and other tourist vehicles form the means of local transport in this city. Read More.........................
Murshidabad at a glance
Country: India District: Murshidabad Languages Spoken: Bengali, English Altitude: 10 m (30 ft) PIN Code: 742149 STD Code: 03483 Major Tourist Attractions: Hazarduari Palace, Nizamat Imambara, Bacchawali Tope, Hazarduari Museum, Clock Tower, Moti Jheel Lake, Chowk Mosque, Adinath Temple, Radha Madhav Temple etc. Major Festivals: Dussehra, Diwali, Muharram, Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-ul-Adha, Bera-Bhasan etc.